Supra

supra

What does supra mean in legal terms?

Supra (grammar) Supra (Latin for above) is an academic and legal citation signal used when a writer desires to refer a reader to an earlier-cited authority.

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How do you use Supra in a citation?

Or for text in that note: See supra text accompanying note 3. Supra can also be used to provide a short form citation to an earlier (but not immediately preceding) authority. For example:

What is the difference between supra is SE and servitium?

supra means over, before, or similar and takes the accusative. se is the reflexive pronoun in the accusative or ablative, i.e., roughly himself, herself, etc. servitium means servitude or servantry and is in the nominative or accusative case. The object of supra is se.

What does supra mean in legal briefs and decisions supra?

In legal briefs and decisions supra refers to the citation of a court decision which has been previously mentioned. For example, when a case is first cited it will be referred to as David v.

How do you use Supra in a sentence?

Supra may be used to refer to a previously fully cited authority, unless id. would be more appropriate or supra cannot be used. In the below examples, supra is appropriate because an authority was fully cited in an earlier footnote, but not the immediately preceding one. (In the latter case, id. would be more appropriate.)

Can I use supra citations for primary legal authority?

Note, however, that in general most forms of primary legal authority (cases, statutes, etc.) should not be referred to using Supra. NOTE: This is also true for materials such as restatements, legislative documents (other than hearings), and model codes which typically have similar citation formats.

What is the difference between supra and infra in APA?

Supra is used to cite prior material while infra is used to cite subsequent material. Exact wording for internal cross-references, however, is flexible. Both terms must be written in italics but they may be used either as an introductory signal combined with See or in a textual phrase directing the reader to the specific material.

What comes after Supra in a citation?

Immediately after “supra” is the word “note” in ordinary type, followed by the number of the footnote in which the authority was first cited in full: 15. What does id mean in law?

What is the short form of the word supra?

The short form implies that the full citation was set out earlier, so “ supra ” is redundant. For a frequently used statute, include a short form in a parenthetical after the first citation. ( E.g., (“Bedrock Act”).)

When is it appropriate to use Supra in a footnote?

In the below examples, supra is appropriate because an authority was fully cited in an earlier footnote, but not the immediately preceding one. (In the latter case, id. would be more appropriate.) Footnote 1: William Baude & Stephen E. Sachs, The Law of Interpretation, 130 HARV. L. REV. 1079, 1107-10 (2017).

How do you use id and Supra in a sentence?

So on second and third and eighth reference, you use id. or supra, depending on the context. “ Id .” when referring to the very last thing cited, and “ supra ” when the authority was somewhere farther back.

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