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What was Caria in ancient Greece?

Caria was then incorporated into the Persian Achaemenid Empire as a satrapy (province) in 545 BC. The most important town was Halicarnassus, from where its sovereigns, the tyrants of the Lygdamid dynasty (c.520-450 BC), reigned. Other major towns were Latmus, refounded as Heracleia under Latmus, Antiochia, Myndus, Laodicea, Alinda and Alabanda.

Who are the Carians?

The Carians refer to the shrine of Zeus at Mylasa, which it shared with the Mysians and Lydians, proving that they were brother races. Caria arose as a Neo-Hittite kingdom around the 11th century BC.

When did Caria become part of the Persian Empire?

Caria was then incorporated into the Persian Achaemenid Empire as a satrapy (province) in 545 BC. The most important town was Halicarnassus, from where its sovereigns, the tyrants of the Lygdamid dynasty (c.520-450 BC), reigned.

Where can I find media related to Caria?

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Caria. Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Caria . / 37.5; 28.0 Akaufaka ( Quhistan ?)

Where is Caria located in ancient Greece?

(Show more) Caria, ancient district of southwestern Anatolia. One of the most thoroughly Hellenized districts, its territory included Greek cities along its Aegean shore and a mountainous interior bounded by Lydia in the north and by Phrygia and Lycia in the east.

Who were the Carians of Caria?

The inhabitants of Caria, known as Carians, had arrived there before the Ionian and Dorian Greeks. They were described by Herodotus as being of Minoan Greek descent, while the Carians themselves maintained that they were Anatolian mainlanders intensely engaged in seafaring and were akin to the Mysians and the Lydians.

How did Caria become part of the Persian Empire?

West Carian dynasts joined in the unsuccessful Ionian revolt against the Persian king Darius I ( c. 499–493 bc ), and the coastal cities were later drawn into the Greek Delian League. Early in the 4th century bc all of Caria was rejoined to Persia’s Achaemenian Empire as a separate satrapy under the rule of the native Hecatomnid dynasty.

What does Cardia mean in ancient Greece?

Cardia (Thrace) Jump to navigation Jump to search. Cardia or Kardia (Ancient Greek: Kαρδία), anciently the chief town of the Thracian Chersonese (today Gallipoli peninsula), was situated at the head of the Gulf of Melas (today the Gulf of Saros).

Was Caria a part of the Persian Empire?

When the Persians dominated Asia Minor under Darius and Xerxes, Caria was part of the greater Persian Empire. However with Xerxes defeat by the Athenians and the formation of the Delian Confederacy, the Carian cities came under Athenians way.

When did the Roman Empire take over Caria?

In 129, the Romans decided to annex the Pergamene part of Caria, which became part of their province Asia. The Rhodian part retained some of its independence, until it was, together with Rhodes, conquered by the Roman general Brutus in 42 BCE.

What is Caria in the Bible?

CARIA, Achaemenid satrapy in the area of southwestern Turkey. Caria was under Achaemenid rule first as a part of the satrapy of Sparda (Lydia; 540s-390s B.C.), then as a separate satrapy (390s-30s B.C.) under the Hecatomnid family.

What was the center of the Persian administration in Caria?

The center of the Persian administration in Caria was Halicarnassus. The Carian queen Artemisia loyally supported the Persian king Xerxes when he invaded Greece in 480. However, after 469/466, parts of Caria were conquered by the Athenians.

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